Cosmetic Dentistry, Dental implants
If you are considering dental implants, you need to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant. If your bone is too thin or soft and unable to support an implant, you may require a bone graft. Or if there is not enough bone height in the upper jaw or the sinuses are too close to the jaw you may require a sinus lift. A sinus lift is a surgery performed by an oral surgeon or a periodontist. During surgery bone is added to the upper jaw between the jaw and the maxillary sinuses, in the area of the molars and premolars. Implants are usually more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement. The implant itself can cost between $1, 000 and $2, 000 each, and there is an additional cost for the crown that is attached to the dental implant. If you are missing a tooth and believe a dental implant might be the right solution for you, start by consulting your dentist.1
American Dental Association considers two types of dental implants to be safe for use.2 They are:
- Endosteal Implants
These are the most common type of implant and are surgically placed directly into the jawbone, they are also called root-form implants. These are typically shaped like small screws, cylinders or plates. In order for an endosteal implant to be successful the bone needs to be deep and wide enough to provide a secure foundation. Once the surrounding gum tissue has healed, a second surgery is needed to connect a post to the original implant. Finally, an artificial tooth (or teeth) is attached to the post-individually, or grouped on a bridge or denture.
- Subperiosteal Implant
This type of implant consists of a metal frame that is fitted onto the jawbone just under the gum tissue. As the gums heal, the frame becomes fixed to the jawbone. Posts, which are attached to the frame, protrude through the gums. As with endosteal implants, artificial teeth are then mounted to the posts.